Every workshop we do to kick off a project has some aspect of team building in it. The main reasons of course are to allow people to get to know each other, to feel comfortable working with each other, and to break the mould of the day-to-day. Sarah has previously written about the ROI of icebreakers.
One team building exercise we have seen work well is about creating a team charter for high-performing teams:
- Think about the characteristics of unsuccessful teams
- Reverse them and note down the characteristics of successful teams
- Find the common themes
- Discuss each theme and agree on importance
- Select your top 7 characteristics of a successful team
- Sketch / Type / Take photo and hang visibly in the team space
This process is really effective in getting input from every individual. I was reminded of the importance of getting everyone to share how they want the team to work together by this gem of a quote*:
Leaving the competitiveness aside - although the very reason for most projects is competition - the important lesson here is the second part of the quote: that individuals define groups, not the other way around.
According to the quote, defining how a team should be working together top down does not work. Instead, the individuals of the group have to come together and define which characteristics are important to them. They have to discuss their personal and professional reasons for these characteristics and come to an agreement of how they want to be working together as a team.
What you will get is not a number of teams that are working in the same way. You will get a number of teams that are working.